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was the first ship to bring a whole cargo of slaves to the Cape, beginning the history of the slave trade at the Cape, these ill-fated Angolans were not the first slaves to set foot in the colony.

Between 1652, the year of Jan van Riebeeck’s landing at the Cape, and 1658, when the first slave shipment arrived, between 11 and 20 slaves had already been brought to the Cape colony.

In 1657, half a year before the arrival of the , the Dutch East India Company (VOC) Commissioner Rijckloff van Goens visited the Cape, and noted that Company officials at the Cape were in possession of 11 slaves, of which four slave women and one male belonged to Commander Van Riebeeck, one slave to the sergeant, one female slave at the sick visitor’s, where people who were ill went, one female slave at the junior merchants, on female slave at the gardeners, one Madagascar female slave to sweep the fort, and one slave at the surgeons.

It is from this account that most historical works make the claim that there were 11 slaves at the Cape before the arrival of the first large shipment of slaves on the arrived, with historians guessing the number could be anywhere up to 20.

The first-wavers focused on absolute rights such as suffrage and overturning other barriers to legal gender equality.

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The reliable sources on the topic were thin before the 1960s.

Since then the study of women's history has been a major scholarly and popular field, with many scholarly books and articles, museum exhibits, and courses in schools and universities.

The roles of women were long ignored in textbooks and popular histories.

These few souls, who arrived at the Cape in dribs and drabs, as stowaways or the personal slaves of Company officials, were the very first slaves in the Cape settlement.

For four years this tiny group of enslaved peoples lived amongst the colonists, the only slaves amongst a few hundred Europeans.

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